Apoica pallens has been reported from Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, and Venezuela (Pickett and Wenzel, 2007).
A similar wasp is Apoica thoracica.
Location for upper photo: Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize.
Location for lower photo: Pico Bonito National Park, Honduras; this wasp was attracted to lights.
Below: The paired images allow comparison of the size of the compound eyes and ocelli of the noctural Apoica pallens (upper) and the diurnal Polistes fuscatus (lower).
American Insects site